Heavy Weights or Light Weights?

Heavy Weights or Light Weights?

People who skip breakfast are 450% more likely to be obese! Fuel up with a high protein/fiber breakfast to kick-start your day.

I get this questions all the time. “Should I lift heavy weights for low reps or light weight for high reps?” The common misconception in the fitness world is simple. To tone, use high reps with light weights. To bulk up use heavy weights with low reps. This is why you often see women doing lighter weight and more aerobic exercise while men are primarily lifting heavier weights to bulk up. NOT SO FAST!

New Research

New research and studies show that both men and women can largely benefit from the use of both heavy weight with low reps and light weight with high reps. The key is pushing your muscles to fatigue. Straining to lift very heavy weights isn’t the only way to pump up muscles, say researchers at McMaster University in Hamilton, Ontario. Similar results can be achieved, they say, by lifting light weights a greater number of times.The secret is simply to pump iron until muscle fatigue sets in, says Stuart Phillips, PhD, associate professor of kinesiology at McMaster.“Rather than grunting and straining to lift heavy weights, you can grab something much lighter but you have to lift it until you can’t lift it any more,” Phillips says in a news release.

The Science

Researchers recruited 15 healthy men with an average age of 21. Each was told to lift light weights and heavy weights with varying repetitions.

  • The weights represented a percentage of their best or heaviest lift. Heavier weights were set to 90% of a man’s best lift, and light weights at 30%.
  • Weights were set to 80% to 90% of a person’s best lift required five to 10 repetitions before fatigue set in. At 30%, it took at least 24 lifts before similar fatigue developed.
  • The researchers measured fatigue at the cellular level by examining results of muscle biopsies done 4 hours and 24 hours after workouts.
The Results

Similar amounts of protein used in muscle-building were produced whether volunteers lifted at 90% of their maximums until they ran out of steam and when they lifted only 30% of their best until they could lift no more, the researchers say. The key in both instances was lifting until fatigue. If in either set the subject stopped short of fatigue there was less of a muscular response.

Why This Is Important For You

Subjects trying to lose/maintain weight-Often times people are discouraged from lifting weights because they think it’s specific for body builders or those want to bulk up. The truth is that muscle mass is largely dependent on genetics, cells, diet, and hormones within the body. If you are a woman trying to maintain or lose weight, lifting weights is not going to make you bulk up.First, it is physiologically impossible for you as a woman to put on large amounts of muscle mass; you’re body’s hormonal makeup is not one that will allow you to do so. I cringe when I see people coming into the gym and going for a light jog on the treadmill every day for a half hour when their time and effort could be used much more efficiently doing full body/weighted exercises. People don’t understand that performing these exercises will burn fat more efficiently and help redefine your body composition.

For kids– Parents are afraid to let their kids lift weights because they think it will inhibit joint and growth plate progression. Light weights and high reps can provide less joint and bone strain while still producing the essential benefits you get from lifting weights and exercising.

For older adults or people with injuriesOlder adults and people with injuries can have joint problems or limited range of motion which would prevent them from training with heavy loads.  This study shows that they have the option of training with lighter and less intimidating loads and can still receive the benefits.

The Catch

While light weights and high reps can still activate the anabolic response in your muscles and produce similar muscle volume characteristics as heavy weights, pure strength gains are better generated by using heavy weights with low reps. There is also some debate about whether heavier weights gives you more of a myogenic tone ( A harder and firmer look) and training in higher rep ranges promotes more sarcoplasmic (fluid) hypertrophy (which in turn yields a “softer” pumped look). This is a topic for an entire blog in itself but regardless, experts agree that similar benefits can be achieved through lifting both heavy and light weights. The key is working to fatigue.

My Recommendation

Here is my current routine that I think people will find very useful and easily adaptable no matter what your fitness goals are.

Monday: Total Body: Heavy Weights With Core

Tuesday: Sprint Intervals

Wednesday: OFF

Thursday: Total Body: Heavy Weights With Core

Friday: Sprint Intervals or Steady State Elliptical

Saturday: OFF

Sunday: Total Body Light Weights/High Reps With Core (For the past month I have been doing a body pump class which consits of 4-5 minutes of each major muscle group lifting light weight until exhaustion. Takes about 45 minutes)

For another great study on this topic check out this article at http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2012/04/120430105358.htm

Thanks for reading and let me know if you have any comments or questions.

From South Bend,

Kevin
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5 Great Fat Loss Tips For Summer

5 Great Fat Loss Tips For Summer

Utilize Multi-Joint Exercises

  • Multi-joint exercises work large muscle groups which require the most energy and create the largest anabolic response in your body which  leads to the greatest amount of calorie expenditure. (long winded sentence?)
  •  Multi-joint lifts imitate our natural movements by working several muscle groups and in the process create a healthier posture and more proportional frame.
  • The body works better in movements along a kinetic chain; that is, large portions of the body assist other portions of the body in completing a complex movement. Dont limit yourself to isolated movements (like a bicep curl) if you want to burn fat.
  • Multi-joint exercises increase your metabolic rate and stimulate production of more fat burning hormones such as growth hormones and testosterone.
Examples

  1. Squats
  2. Deadlifts
  3. Power Cleans

Use Circuit Training And Short Rest Intervals

  • Circuit training creates maximal growth hormone responses which is the most efficient way to burn fat.
  • It is optimal for raising your metabolism which will have fat burning effects during your workout and up to 48 hours after your workout.
  • Short rest intervals ensure your heart rate stays elevated for the entirety of the workout which will create the largest amounts of caloric expenditure.
Examples
  1. Supersets and tri-sets
  2. Crossfit workouts
  3. Interval training

Eat High Protein, Low Carb, Low Glycemic, And Unprocessed Food

  • Foods that fall under these guidelines will ensure you are conserving/building muscle and lean body mass while burning fat.
  • Foods with a low glycemic index will allow you to control your blood sugar and maintain steady insulin levels which will limit fat storage and ensure a healthy metabolism.
  • Low-carb and unprocessed foods will be utilized by the body as energy and help to break down proteins and fats which will help trigger the fat burning function in the body.
  • High protein and high fiber foods will keep you feeling full longer and help prevent overeating.
Examples
  1. Lean meats
  2. Cruciferous vegetables
  3. Greek yogurt
  4. Nuts
  5. Nut butters

Cut Out Juice, Soda, Sports Drinks, And Limit Alcohol. 

  • Sugary drinks are the single largest source of calories in the American diet and over half of Americans have sugary drinks every day.
  • Definitely the most relevant tip on the list for summer is avoiding any drinks that are high in sugar, calories, artificial sweeteners, and sodium.
  • Sugary drinks can cause enormous insulin spikes which will offset your hormonal balance and can lead to extra fat storage. Likewise, sugary sodas and drinks can stimulate appetite and cause you to overeat even though you may not be hungry.
  • Every liquid calorie is a calorie added to the day’s total.  Liquid calories don’t fill you up or deliver the essential vitamins, nutrients, and fiber you get from whole foods.  Drinking liquid calories doesn’t have a huge impact on what you eat that rest of the day either. Over the last 20 years, Americans have added between 150 and 300 calories to their daily diets — about half of them in liquid form.
  • Alcohol is an entirely different story in itself, but from my perspective, drinking one or two nights a week will not have a dramatic impact on fat loss. Just remember, EVERYTHING IN MODERATION!

Examples of what to drink

  1. Water with lime
  2. Tea
  3. Coffee
  4. Almond Milk
  5. Red wine/clear liquors without a sugary mixer.

Burn Calories Outside Of The Gym.

  • This one can put you over the edge in terms of reaching your body composition goals. Stay active, especially in the summer. Whether it’s a beach volleyball game, throwing the football around, or going for a walk after dinner having an active mentality and lifestyle will ensure your muscles get the work they need and your metabolism and heart rate stay mildly elevated.
  • Dont settle for exercise in the gym alone. Take the stairs, park farther away from the door, and perform activities other than sitting on the couch watching TV.
Examples
  1. Swim
  2. Walk your dog
  3. Go hiking
  4. Join a softball league
  5. Play pick-up basketball

Thanks for reading and hopefully these tips will help you achieve the summer-bod you have been working towards. Let me know if you have any questions or comments. Thanks.

From South Bend,

Kevin

The 10 Commandments of Good Nutrition

The 10 Commandments of Good Nutrition; According to Katrina Evans.

This week I had a guest blogger, Katrina Evans, write an article in order to provide readers with a different vantage point of certain health and nutrition points that are vital to a healthy lifestyle. This is important in understanding that not everyone is going to agree on every aspect of health, nutrition, and exercise. For example, Katrina lists “no red meat” as commandment #4. As an athlete, I would say 1-2 servings of red meat a week is actually beneficial because the combination of iron, zinc, and amino acid complex. While small details like this will surface in some research, the foundation and guidelines in the most effective programs are generally the same. Thanks again Katrina.

Good nutrition and activity are both key to maintaining a healthy life. Keeping a balanced diet is important in weight control and can provide energy to stay productive. Not only that, but it can also greatly affect emotional and mental health, providing a balance in most areas of life. Regular exercise can even prevent conditions and disabilities like heart disease, high blood pressure, diabetes and even certain types of lung cancer.

With all the facts about the links among nutrition, fitness, and good health, there is no excuse to have an unhealthy diet or inactive lifestyle. Whether it’s walking two miles a day or following work-out videos, a good diet will always make the difference in any workout plan. Keeping these key concepts about nutrition in mind while devising a custom diet plan is a great starting point towards a healthier lifestyle:

1. Eat vegetables: Nobody wants to listen to their mom, but dark greens, garlic and mushrooms are full of fiber, vitamins and antioxidants that not only boost your immune system, but have the right fire power that slows or even prevents the development of cancer.

Diet Tips

2. Eat fruits: Fruits are delicious, sweet and refreshing. By loading up on fruits instead of pastries or baked goods, dieters can feel better about themselves while enjoying a sweet treat. Fruits like blueberries and grapes are also linked to the prevention of cell damage caused by cancer.

 3. Switch to whole grains: Whole grains are full of antioxidants and fiber which is a dieter’s best friend normalizing bowel integrity and health while optimizing weight loss as well.

4. No red meats: Red meats, as delicious as they can be, are loaded with saturated fat and “bad” cholesterol offering no fiber.

5. Eat it raw: Raw foods offer more antioxidants, vitamins, minerals and fiber than they do when cooked, the same kinds of antioxidants found to prevent colon cancer.

6. Drink water: Drinking just eight cups of water is not as hard as it seems. Substituting other drinks with water will cleanse the body, replenish organs, and keep the immune system at its best. according to Discovery News, scientists found that obese dieters who drank two cups of water before each meal lost 5 pounds more than a group of dieters who didn’t increase their water intake.

7. Enjoy immune-boosting spices: Spices like garlic, turmeric, cayenne pepper, paprika, cinnamon, ginger, basil, cilantro, curry powder and parsley are not only terrific ways to dress up healthy ingredients but are also full of anti-oxidants as well as anti-inflammatory properties that boost the immune system.

 8. Don’t burn it: Recently, carcinogens in overcooked meat made it to the National Toxicology Program list of potential cancer causers from ScienceNews.com so, watch out!

 9. Stop overeating: By drinking more water and eating fiber-rich foods, it’ll be easier to control cravings and overeat. It doesn’t hurt to over-indulge in lots of water every now and then.

10. Quit the other habits: This one is huge. Bad habits like smoking and drinking too much will be counterproductive to good nutrition and exercise. We all know that they cause cancer and other diseases, so why even risk it?

 Pie chart [see text description below.]

Katrina Evans is a recent graduate from the  University of Central Florida writing to fully support health and wellness for all. She wants to be a difference in people’s lives seeing how devastating cancer can be for people and their families. Katrina also is a fruit junkie who reads all the time, works to stay fit, and listens to cool podcasts.

Thanks for reading, let me know if you have any questions or comments.

From Naples,

Kevin

kdeeth21@gmail.com

Burn Fat By Lifting Weights

Burn Fat By Lifting Weights

Americans drink an average of 200 calories a day in high-fructose corn syrup! That’s enough to pack on nearly 21 pounds a year.

It’s common knowledge right? Lifting weights=bulking up and more muscle. Cardio=slimming down and less fat. Not so fast. Studies have shown strength training to be just as effective for burning fat as hopping on the treadmill. However “spot reduction” itself is one of the most misunderstood theories in fitness. Fat is lost throughout the body in a pattern dependent upon genetics, gender, and age. That means doing crunches will not necessarily make you lose fat from your midsection. Overall body fat must be reduced to lose fat in one particular area. Strength training is one of the best ways to help accomplish this overall fat loss. Here are some facts in regards to strength training and burning fat.

  1. Increased Metabolic Rate Post Workout-While doing generic cardio and aerobics does a good job of spiking your metabolism during exercise, strength training using large muscle groups can increase your metabolism more effectively in the hours following your workout. As a result, more calories will be burned for up to 24-48 hours after your workout.
  2. Boosting Metabolism At Rest– Strength training can stimulate the development of muscle mass which can increase your resting metabolic rate and therefore increase the calories you burn.
  3. Strength Training Increases Energy Expenditure During A Training Session-Both cardio and weight lifting will burn calories and utilize stored energy in the body. However, in some cases, the anaerobic nature of strength training indicates a higher utilization of carbohydrates during a training session once initial ATP and CP(sources of energy) stores have been exhausted. During the post-exercise recovery period energy expenditure is elevated resulting in burning more calories. A good portion of those calories burned are coming from stored fat.
  4. Changing Your Body Composition– Lifting weights can help you maintain or increase lean body mass while reducing fat.  Overdoing it on cardio itself can cause a reduction in lean body mass and  lower your body’s ability to oxidize fat, in effect, lowering your metabolism. Strength training, especially high intensity weight lifting, can allow you to maintain or increase muscle mass while reducing body fat.
  5. High Reps vs Low Reps– This depends largely on your overall goals in terms of muscle hypertrophy or specifically losing weight. Generally, higher reps is geared towards burning calories/fat and developing more lean muscle versus sheer muscle mass. Lifting moderate to heavy weights for a lower number of repetitions will help you gain muscle at the same time as you lose body fat. The difference comes in post training metabolic rate and calorie burn. Some studies show when subjects used heavier weights and lower reps they burned more calories in the hours after training. With much debate about this, the best approach is to mix it up and keep the body guessing by varying rep range.
Here are some excellent strength training exercises to help burn fat.
1. Front Squat To Push Press
  1. Stand holding a bar on the front of your shoulders, with your elbows pointing straight ahead and feet hip-width.
  2. Lower your body until your thighs are parallel to the floor while keeping elbows up and hips back.
  3. As you push back up to the starting position, press the bar overhead and head through your arms.
  4. Lower the bar to your shoulders and immediately sink into your next squat.
2. Weighted Pushups With Legs Elevated
  1. Start in pushup position with legs elevated on a bench or swiss ball.
  2. Use resistance by; 1.Placing a band around your back 2. Having a partner put a weighted sand bag on your back or 3. Have a partner apply manual resistance to your mid/upper back.
  3. Lower until chest/head is close to the ground.
  4. Explode up to starting position and repeat.
3. Barbell Overhead Lunge
  1. Start by standing and holding a barbell overhead with your arms straight and core engaged.
  2. Hold that position as you lunge forward and your front knee is bent at 90 degrees and your back knee is an inch or two off the floor.
  3. Push back to starting position by exploding with front leg and maintaining your upper body posture.
  4. Repeat with the other leg.
4. Single Arm Overhead Squat
  1. Grab two dumbbells. One twice the weight of the other and stand with feet shoulder-width apart.
  2. Raise the lighter dumbbell in one hand overhead, with the heavier dumbell between your legs and your arm straight with palm facing inward.
  3. Perform squat until your thighs are parallel to the floor and push back to start position through your heals and mid foot.
  4. Complete all reps without lowering your arms, then switch sides.

Conclusion

All of the exercises above involve major muscle groups and can be modified for each individual’s ability. Going in and doing a few sets of arm curls is not going to help you burn fat. Multi-joint exercises that require multi-level muscle contractions will be the most effective.  Strength training is a proven method for fat loss, and allows you to maintain lean muscle mass and definition while losing body fat. Strength training in combination with dietary modifications can have more impact on fat loss than weight training alone. The ideal program for fat loss would include the combination of proper diet, weight training, and cardio exercise. As a general guideline for strength training and cardio, you need to cut back on the time but increase the intensity. This will prevent your body from going into a state where you start burning muscle mass instead of fat.

Thanks for reading and let me know if you have any questions or comments. The next topic will be about sleep.

From Norway,

Kevin

kdeeth21@gmail.com